In Biewen’s “The Invention of Race” the three most important topics that struck me were about the three human races, the greeks and the founding fathers. He explains that even though together as one we are all the genetically. Humans have a 99.9% match. However, he talks about three classifications of humans. The first being caucasoid, which he calls the dominant race, and the second being mongoloid. The final one being negloid. They are placed in order of superiority. He beings to lead into the topic using the superiority term. Although they saw no race, they believed their culture was superior to others. The final most important thing that got my attention was the phrase he said is that the founding fathers built the United States on white dominance. Because race has had such a strong history in the states race has become an identity instead of a trait. After listening to this it has brought many different perspectives to my attention on how race effects certain people and what can be done to help end racism
Hawaii’s intermarriage and neighborhood integration has resulted in “ethnic and racial harmony” for many reasons. Now that non-natives have moved to Hawaii and are marrying in the community and later having children they are creating a mixed race of many different DNA which is expanding the ethnicity of the state. Olson wonders if the rest of the country will following this trend due to the statistics in the late 90’s and early 00’s. “When everyone is marrying everyone else, when the ethnic affiliation of most people can no longer be ascertained at a glance, one imagines that ethnic and racial tensions would diminish” (252). I guess from someone’s perspective it can be see as harmony, however this does not create harmony above everyone. However because this is happening, racism, as I perceived in the text, is disappearing in Hawaii. I think when Olson explains the amount of interracial marriages happening it is showing this decline.
It’s difficult to accurately know who is Native Hawaiian because of DNA changes over periods of time. People marry other races and eventually chromosomes are manipulated and DNA is changed. No one can say they are 100% Native Hawaiian because of family generations changing. It matters because people want to be able to understand the history of Native Hawaiians. It matters in everyday life because people need to understand who they are. On many government documents you must be able to identify who you are and if you are unsure of your own DNA it becomes difficult. It is also important to know about one’s identify because knowing your family history is what shapes all of us.
The vision scholars and academics have pinned on hawaii’s high-rate of intermarriage is that there will never be a pure Hawaiian race anymore. No one will be able to say they are 100% Hawaiian and as the intermarriage rate continues to increase it will become rarer and rarer for people to be 100% of a certain race. They have based this on the fact that these marriages are becoming more common and more children are being born between two races. Olson’s view that their vision of a racially-mixed future is very accurate because of the marriage and birth facts.
The two central beliefs of ethnic thinking are people have to look a certain way and be from a certain country. People can be taken from multiple countries and asked to wear the same clothes, like the example in the article, but no one will be able to say where each person is from based on their facial features. People can look completely different but have the same cultural and racial background. Race, biology and culture have no effect on who someone is and that’s why people stereotype.
A Toast Story
Quote 1: The smallness of her cafes is another device to stoke interaction, on the theory that it’s simply hard to avoid talking to people standing nine inches away from you. And cinnamon toast is a kind of all- purpose mollifier: something Carrelli offers her customers whenever Trouble is abrasive, or loud, or crowded, or refuses to give them what they want. “No one can be mad at toast.”
Quote 2: Carreli’s early years with her illness were, she says, a blind struggle. Undiagnosed, she worked her way through college- three different colleges, in different corners of the country – by booking shows for underground bands and doing stints at record stores and coffee shops. But her episodes were a kind of out. Landlords evicted her. Relationships fell apart. Employers either fired her or quietly stopped scheduling her for shifts. After a while, she began anticipating the pattern and taking steps to pre-empt the inevitable. “I moved when people started catching on,” she says. By the time she hit 30, she had lived in nine different cities.
Quote 3: She called the shop trouble, she says, in honor of all the people who helped her when she was in trouble. She called her drip coffee “guts” and her espresso “honor.” She put coconuts on the menu because of the years she had spent relying on them for easy sustenance, and because they truly did helpher strike up conversations with strangers. She put toast on the menu because it reminded her of home: “I have lived so long with no comfort,” she says. And she “Build Your Own Damn House” on the menu because she felt, with Trouble, that she had finally done so.
Quote 4: At bottom, Carrelli says, Trouble is a tool for keeping her alive. “I’m trying to stay connected to the self,” she says. Like one of her old notebooks, the shop has become an externalized set of reference points, an index of Carreli’s identity. It is her greatest source of dependable routine and her most powerful means of expanding her network of friends and acquaintances, which extends now to the shop’s entire clientele. These days, during a walking episode, Carreli says, a hello from a casual acquaintance in some unfamiliar part of the city might make the difference between whether she makes it home that night or not. “I’m wearing the same outfit everyday,” she says. “I take the same routes every day. I own Trouble coffee so that people recognize my face- so they can help me.”
Do you think that identities force us to reduce ourselves and other people to abstractions?
Kwame Anthony Appiah
I think it can certainly do that. Especially when you forget that identity groups are incredibly diverse and that even people who share significant identities differ in all sorts of other ways. White people, for instance, are incredibly diverse, and one reason is that some of them are men and some of them are women, some of them are straight and some of them are not, and so on.
There’s an interesting argument in the book about how identity-based movements that define themselves in opposition to dominant cultures are bound to cement their marginality. Can you say a bit about what you mean here?
Kwame Anthony Appiah
If you allow your identity to be totally shaped by your opposition to a dominant culture, as many racial groups have done because of the history of racism and xenophobia, you can become locked into that minority status. The first time a group becomes conscious of itself as an important social group, it is because they realize that they’re all being subjected to something.
Quote 3: But if you define yourself through the act of opposition, then you’re letting the oppressors set the terms. And it might be better — though of course it’s proper to resist the racism, the xenophobia, the homophobia, the sexism — to give your identity an affirmative content.
First, you come together as a group to protect yourselves, but later you can develop an identity with positive content that isn’t based purely on hostility to your oppressors. That is far better in the long run.
Quote 4: My response to a lot of the complaints people make about identity politics is that I don’t know what politics looks like without identity. There was never a truly pre-identity politics era. The question is not whether to do identity politics or not do identity politics; it’s about which identities we activate and how inclusive or exclusive they are.
Identity- the fact of being who or what a person or thing is
Politics- the total complex of relations between people living in society
Culture- the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group
Quote 1: To describe the new civil rights, I return to the source of my argument. What most excited me about gy civil rights was its universal resonance. Unlike other civil rights groups, gays must articulate invisible shelves without initial support of our immediate communities.
Quote 2: The universal rights of persons will probably be the way the court will protect difference in the future. I predict that if the court ever recognizes language rights, it will predict them as a liberty to which we are all entitled, rather than as an equality right attached to a particular national-origin group. And if the court recognizes rights to grooming, such as the right to wear cornrows or not to wear makeup, I believe it will do so under something more than akin to the German Constitutions right to personality rather than as a light attached to groups like racial minorities or women.
Quote 3: This paradigm captures my coming-out experience. My gay self. The self, was hidden behind an ostensibly straight false self. Yet it would be wrong to cast the closeted self as purely inimical to the gay one. In my adolescence this false self protected the true self until its survival was assured.
Quote 4: In an era when the supreme court has closed many civil rights doors, it has left this one wide open. It is much more sympathetic to “liberty” claims about freedoms we all hold to than “equality” claims asserted by a subset of the population. It is easy to see why. Equality claims- such as group-based accomodation claim- inevitably involve the court in picking favorites among groups.
Paradigm- a typical example or pattern of something
Equality- the state of being equal
Multiculturalism- the support of several distinct cultural or ethnic groups within a society
Quote 1: Law is also an incomplete solution to coerced assimilation because it has yet to recognize the myriad groups subjected to covering demands outside traditional civil rights classifications like race, sex, orientation, religion, and disability. Whenever I speak about covering, I receive new instances of identities that can be covered. This is winnicott’s point- each one of us has a false self that hides a true one. The law may someday move to protect some of these identities. But it will never prove them all.
Quote #2: For these reasons, I am troubled that American seemed increasingly to turn toward the law to do the work of civil rights precisely when they should be turning away from it. The real solution lies in all of us as citizens, not the in the tiny subset of us who are lawyers. People who are not lawyers should have reason-forcing conversations outside the law.
Quote 3: Such conversations are the best- and perhaps the only- way to give both assimilation and authenticity their proper due. These conversations will help us chart and stay the course between the monocultural american suggested by conservative alarmists and the balkanized American suggest by the radical multiculturalists. They will reveal the true dimension of civil rights.The aspiration of civil rights has always been to permit people to pursue their human flourishing without limitations based on bias.
Quote 4: We must use the relative freedom of adulthood to integrate the many selves we hold. This includes uncovering the selves we buried a long time ago because they were inconvenient, impractical, or even hated. Because they must pass the test of survival, most of the selves we hold, like most of our lives,are ordinary. Yet sometimes, what is consequential in us begins to shine.
Homophobia- dislike against homsexual people
Myriad – countless number
Adversarial- characterized by conflict
Quote 1: “But racism is the child of racism, not the father.And the process of naming “the people” has never been a matter of genealogy and physiognomy so much as one of hierarchy. Difference in hue and hair is old.” (pg. 7)
Quote 2: “But this banality of violence can never excuse America, because America makes no claim to the banal. America believes itself exceptional, the greatest and noblest nation to ever exist, a lone champion standing between the white city of democracy and the terrorists, despots, barbarians, and other enemies of civilization.” (pg. 8)
Quote 3: “When the journalist asked me about my body, it was like she was asking me to awaken her from the most gorgeous dream. I have seen that dream all my life. It is perfect houses with nice lawns. It is memorial day cookouts, block associations, and driveways.” (pg.11)
Quote 4: “The fear was there in the extravagant boys of my neighborhood, in their large rings and medallion, their big puffy coats and full-length fur-coated leathers, which was their armor against their world.” (pg.14)
Physiognomy- A person’s facial expression
Mennonite- members of certain christian groups
Deceitfully- deceiving or misleading
Between the World and Me
Quote 1: “To be black in Baltimore of my youth was to be naked before the elements of the world, before all the guns, fists, knives, crack, rape, and disease. The nakedness is not an error, nor pathology. The nakedness is the correct and intended result of policy, the predictable upshot of people forced for centuries to live under fear.” (17)
Quote 2: However you call it, the result was our infirmary before the criminal choices of the world. It does not matter if the agent of those forces is white or black- what matters is our condition, what matters is the system that makes your body breakable.” (18)
Quote 3: The streets transform every ordinary day into a series of trick questions, and every innocent answer risks a beatdown, a shooting, or a pregnancy. No one survives unscathed. And yet the head that springs from the constant danger, from a lifestyle or near-death experience, is thrilling.” (22)
Quote 4: I think I felt that something out there, some force, nameless and vast, had robbed me of… what? Time? Experience? I think you know something of what that third could have done, and I think that is why you may feel the need for escape even more than I did.” (24)
Infirmary- an institution to care for those who are ill
Plunder- to steal goods from a person or place
Society- a group of individuals with social interaction
Between the World and Me 2
Quote 1: The streets were not my only problem. If the streets shackled my right leg, the schools shackled my left leg. Fail to comprehend the streets and you gave up your body now. But fail to comprehend the schools and you gave up your body later. (25)
Quote 2: I remember sitting in my seventh-grade French class and not having any idea why I was there. I did not know any french people , and nothing around me suggested I ever would. France was a rock rotating in another galaxy, around another sun, in another sky that I would never cross. (26)
Quote 3: A year after I watched the boy with the small eyes pull out a gun, my father beat me for letting another boy steal from me. Two years later, he beat me for threatening my ninth-grade teacher. Not being violent enough could cost me my body. Being too violent could cost me my body. (28)
Quote 4: It does not matter that the “intentions” of individual educators were noble. Forget about intentions. What any institution, or its agents, “intend” for you is secondary. Our world is physical. Learn to play defense- ignore the head and keep your eyes on the body. (32)
Compliance- the action or fact of complying with a wish or command
Hyperbolic- exaggerated; hyperbolical.
Dogmas- a principle or set of principles laid down by an authority as incontrovertibly true.
I Just Wanna be Average
Quote 1: Younger black families were moving up from Watts and settlings by working-class white families newly arrived from the south and the midwest. Immigrant Mexican families were coming in from Baja. Any such demographic mix is potentially volatile, and as the fifties wore on, the neighborhood would be marked by outbursts of violence. (12)
Quote 2: One early christmas they got me a small chemistry set. My father brought home an old card table from the secondhand store, and on that table i spread out my test tubes, my beaker, my Erlenmeyer flask, and my gas generating apparatus
The End of Race
Quote 1: What it means to be mixed is not at all obvious genetically, but for official purposes it means that a person’s ancestors fall into more than one of the four “racial” categories identified on U.S. census forms: black, white, native american, and asian or pacific islander. Intermarriage is a cumulative process, so once an individual of mixed ancestry is born, all of that person’s descendents will be mixed. (251)
Quote 2: When everyone is marrying everyone else, when the ethnic affiliation of most people can no longer be ascertained at a glance, one imagines that ethnic and racial tensions would be diminished. But spending some time in Hawaii shows that the future will not be that simple. Despite the high rate of intermarriage here, ethnic and racial tensions haven’t really disappeared. (252)
Quote 3: Archaeological evidence shows that people first reached the previously uninhabited island of Fiji about 3,000 years ago. They sailed to Easter Island, their farthest point east, in about AD 300 and to New Zealand, their farthest point south in about 800. (254)
Quote 4: “We didn’t know we were different.” They communicated using a pidgin that combined words from many languages. The German kids taught the other kids to polka in the camp social halls. The Japanese kids taught their friends sumo wrestling. When the Japanese emperor visited Hawaii after World War 2, according to a widely told if hard-to-verify story, he was so impressed to see wrestlers of all different nationalities in the dohyo that when he returned to Japan he opened the county’s sumo ring to foreigners. (255)
Geneticists- an expert in heredity
`Mongoloids-relating to the broad vision of human kind including people of East Asia
I Spent 5 Years With Some of Trump’s Biggest Fans
Quote 1: After a 20-minute drive along flat terrain, we pull into a dirt parking lot beside a red truck with a decal of the Statue of Liberty, her raised arm holding an M16. A man waves from the entrance to an enormous warehouse. Warm, attractive, well-spoken, Sharon has sold a lot of insurance policies around here and made friends along the way. (2)
Quote 2: When I asked people what politics meant to them, they often answered by telling me they believed (“I believe in freedom”) or who they’d vote for (“I was for Ted Cruz, but now I’m voting for Trump”). But running beneath such beliefs like an underwater spring was what i’ve come to think of as a deep story. The deep story was feel-as-if-it’s-true story, stripped of facts and judgements, that reflected the feelings underpinning opinions and votes. (4)
Quote 3: but her youngest brother had just dropped out of high school, and while very bright and able-bodied , had not found his way. Her father, a plant worker who’d left her mom when Sharon was a teen, had remarried and moved to a trailer in Sulphur with his new wife, a mother of four. Looking around her, Sharon saw family and friends who struggled with bad relationships and joblessness. Some collected food stamps. “I don’t get it,” she said, “and it drives me nuts.” (9)
Quote 4: We have our American dream, but we could lose it all tomorrow. Being middle class didn’t mean you felt secure, because that class was thinning out as a tiny elite shot up to great wealth and more people fell into a life of broken teeth, unpaid rent, and shame. (16)
government: the governing body of a nation, state, or community
Liberal: open to new behavior or traditional and willing to discard traditional values
dictator: ruler with total power over a country
Throughout this class we have talked about how race affects people in their everyday life. Race is a real thing to everyone, it’s their identity whether they want it to be or not, people are seen based on the characteristics they acquire. Unfortunately, I don’t believe their will ever be an end to racism. Someone will always believe they are better than other people, but not only about race.
However, race is something that people are acceptiving over now, as opposed to 100 years ago. Maybe once another 100 years have past things will change in the world and race won’t be an important subject matter, and not even talked about. If racism were to end everyone will need to be more accepting of one another and not degrade someone based on characteristics and qualities that can’t change.
In order to raise my performance on paper 4, the learning outcomes I will need to focus on most are integrating my own ideas with the words of others, writing process and reading process. To improve my reading process I will post quotations and new vocabulary in my quote file on time and everytime and include quotes that are longer and more in depth than the ones I have been posting. To improve my writing process I will complete all of the pre-writing assignments more efficiently and on time. I will also finish each draft when it is assigned and complete it more in advance than I have been. To improve my words with others, I will need to think of more concrete ideas and think of more effective ways to connect my words to what the writer is explaining in the text. To do this I will include more evidence in the text that supports those ideas, also I will bring in more/better perspectives that shift the focus to a new idea.
Rose and Coates shared similar experiences between their childhood no kid should have to worry about or experience. Rose encountered a lot of violence and toughness on the streets of Los Angeles as did Coates in Philadelphia. Coates ad Rose’s story both share these identities and how the schools corrupt what the world is actually like.
During an interview in Manhattan, Coates was asked about his body, or more specifically, why the success of white americans were built on looting and violence. The host wanted to know about his, a black man’s opinion, which leads into the story of his childhood. He writes to his fifteen year old son about the violence in the world, “And you now know, if you did not before, that the police departments of your country have been endowed with the authority to destroy your body. It does not matter if the destruction is the result of an unfortunate overreaction. It doesn’t matter if it originates in a misunderstanding. It doesn’t matter if the destruction springs from a foolish policy… All of this is common to black people.” (Coates 9). This quote shows the connection between your body, violence and racism. “When the journalist asked me about my body, it was like she was asking she was asking me to awaken her from the most gorgeous dream” (Coates 10-11). Coates wants people to see the violence black people suffer through from all races, and when he is asked about it, he doesn’t want to ruin people’s perception of what the american dream is.
Rose’s family came over seas from Calabria to Pennsylvania in 1921. That his where his father met his mother. After they had their son and went bankrupt, his dad decided to move his family to California. He had heard that that is where people re going to live the american dream and he wanted to make that for himself. They moved on to Vermont Ave where most elderly people lived and very few kids. Many of his neighbors were committed of crimes like child molestation and on the same street ,bones were found and many people Rose knew died. There were gang members that were three blocks away but they didn’t have much interest in Rose, the least they would do was push him around. “It was popular these days to claim you grew up on the streets. Men tell violent tales and romanticized the lessons violence brings. But, though it was occasionally violent, it wasn’t the violence in South L.A. that marked me, for sometimes you can shake that ugliness off. What finally affected me was subleter, but more pervasive…” (Rose 17). Unlike Coates, there was less violence that Rose encountered. However, one major topic they share in common is a corrupt education.
Rose’s education took place in a vocational school when he was placed their after completing a standardized test that got switched with another Rose.He didn’t understand what this meant as he and his family have had very little schooling. His sophomore english teacher didn’t understand much english so they mostly read the schools required readings such as Julius Caesar. To Rose, school was just a place to learn about stuff that wasn’t as important as life lessons are. Schools implant everything else into your brain except what really matters and reprimand you when you don’t understand something. “The tragedy is that you have to twist the knife in your own gray matter to make this defense work. You’ll have to shut down, have to reject intellectual stimuli or diffuse them with sarcasm, have to cultivate stupidity, have to convert boredom from a malady into a way of confronting the world” (Rose 29). What this quote is saying is that sometimes you have to reject what the schools are teaching you because they will have no impact on your life in the future and you have to understand and learn what is important and pertains to a specific person’s life in order to be a successful and happy person.
When coates was a seventh grader. He says he remembers sitting in his french class not understanding why he was there or what the importance of taking the class was. He knew that he would never go to France and that was a whole nother world to him. “I was a curious boy, but the schools were not concerned with curiosity. They were concerned with compliance. I loved a few of my teachers. But I cannot say I truly believed any of them” (Coates 26). He believed the schools gave us a false idea of what the world was really like, and it was just a place to go and escape from the violence that’s in the world. However, the schools didn’t teach the truth about Baltimore, they hid them. This was the part he didn’t agree with. He experienced life on the streets and knew the truth about walking through them and the people that are involved. The violence would never be talked about and when they try to hide the fact that murders and rapes are happening affects more than just the students.
In Coates’s and Rose’s stories they share important aspects that all readers can relate to. Everyone in their lifetime has experienced some forms of violence, some more severe than others, and it’s inevitable. There has always been someone or something that conceals the truth, but it’s what you do with it. You can run from the truth or you can confront it. This is exactly what Coates and Rose did.
From Mike Rose’s experience in Vocational school he learned man life lessons from his friend, the community, the teachers and the lessons they taught. His friends were all able to react differently to certain situations and they all had their own personality that let them adapt to life in Baltimore. Ken Harvey, his friend, was the one who quoted “I just wanna be average” (28). Rose and his friends were placed into a school with people of all different backgrounds, families and intelligence. The school would places the “elites”into the higher level classes and proiritze them and for the rest of the student body, they were lucky to be taking the classes they needed. However, Ted, was not drowned by the school. He was able to life life unworried when there are issues going on but he was able to cope with them when Ken and many others couldn’t. And I think the most important lesson he learned from them is that life will throw many curve balls at your bat but how you handle them is what matters most, not if you’re enrolled in physics or not. Looking through the lens of Coates, if Ken Harvey were black Rose would say that Ken Harvey wanted to be white when he says he just wants to be average, because in Coates’s article he speaks of black people wanting the life of white people and to be white was to be average.